Understanding The Educational State Boards in India and Their Significance

Sep 21, 2023

The state boards are designed in a specific manner for the curriculum to suit the social, economic, and cultural context of the respective state, ensuring that the students get the feasibility of connecting with the local environment.

Students studying in the state boards in India get a sense of familiarity and identity with the subjects and lessons. Thus, it makes education even more meaningful and relatable for them.

In this article, you will get a better understanding of the significance of state boards in India for encouraging students to take this up for their academic careers.

State Boards in India

Here’s a brief description of the entire concept of state boards in India for you to understand its importance and purpose in terms of education:

A. Explanation of the Concept of State Boards

The state board is for all the schools that are listed under the guidelines and supervision of the State Government. Each state around India has its own education board, which determines specific education & examination standards for schools in that particular state.

These state boards are meant for organising board examinations for class 10th and class 12th graders. State boards have different syllabi than that of other education boards, and the grading system also varies accordingly. As of now, there are 32 different state boards for education in India.

B. Roles and Responsibilities of State Boards

The roles and responsibilities associated with the state boards are as follows:

●  Look out for the implementation of various education policies as per the norms set by the Central Government.

●  Maintain the uniformity of education across all state board schools.

●  Lay down the guiding principles for all the syllabi and curriculum.

●  Conduct the board examinations when students are on the verge of completing their secondary or higher secondary education.

●  Provide certifications for all students who pass the examination

●  Prescribe the conditions to schools regarding admissions of private and regular students

C. Examples of Prominent State Boards in India

Here are some of the most prominent state boards in all of India, the syllabus of which is quite tough to clear. But, the certifications from these boards are of utmost weightage across the nation:

●  Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education

●  Tamil Nadu State Board

●  Karnataka State Board

CTA_State Educational Boards in India

Curriculum and Syllabus

Here’s a brief insight into the curriculum and syllabus of state boards for your better understanding:

A. Examination Patterns and Subjects Covered by State Boards

The exam pattern and subjects might vary for different state boards, but some of the common parameters among all of them are:

●  The duration of the examination is 3 hours for all state boards

●  The examination date is often in the month of March every year.

●  Written or Theory based questions will be asked in all of the state board examinations.

The language subjects differ in all state boards for the Class 10th examination. Apart from that, some of the common subjects in all state boards include Social Science, Mathematics, English, Science, and a regional language.

B. Comparison of Curriculum Offered by State Boards with Other Education Boards in India

The state boards have a curriculum that is specific to their state only. The education authorities in the state will be deciding upon the curriculum, and the study pattern for students will be navigated accordingly.

On the other hand, the ICSE and CBSE boards approach the education pattern through a nationalised curriculum. The CBSE curriculum is widely known for focusing more on mathematics and science, whereas the ICSE curriculum is considered to be more balanced and comprehensive.

C. Importance of Regional Language and Culture in State Board Syllabus

The purpose of teaching regional language through the state board is somehow important to promote the culture behind it. As of today, the modern education system is pushing students to learn international languages, for which the students are completely inaccessible to the cultural significance of the state and its native language.

Learning the regional language will help the students communicate better with the teachers for almost all subjects. Thus, it will enhance their overall understandability.

Board Exams

Here’s an overview of the state board examinations, along with information on their grading systems, formats, assessment methods, and student challenges:

A. Overview of State Board Exams

State boards are completely unique to each of the states in the country. The ranking criteria and syllabus differ from one another. Every state board has its own set of educational strategies. It enables the students to study for the state-level medical or engineering entrance examinations. Regional languages, as well as heritage, boasts a key role in the curriculum.

B. Examination Formats and Assessment Methods

The examination formats are similar to that of the other boards, as the total marks will be 100, where 80 marks will be for theory, and 20 marks will be for practicals or internal assessments.

The examination assessment for the state boards also differs in varying states. But, the Ministry of Education has asked all of the state education boards to standardise the assessment methods. It is because varying criteria seem unfair to students across the nation.

For instance, in 2022, the Madhya Pradesh Board had specified 61% as the passing percentage for class 10th board exams, whereas the Punjab Board had it at 97.8%, which is a humongous difference. Therefore, to end this disparity, the assessment methods are expected to be changed in the coming times.

C. Grading Systems and Evaluation Criteria

Different states have various grading systems to determine the results of students who appeared in the class 10th or class 12th examination. But, the common grading system is by specifying Distinction, First Division, Second Division, and Third Division on the basis of the scored marks. The evaluation criteria are as follows:

●  Students clearing the board examination with 75% aggregate marks are given the ‘Distinction’ grade.

●  Students scoring 60% or above are given the ‘First Division’ grade.

●  Students scoring 45% or above are given the ‘Second Division’ grade.

●  Any score between 35% and 45% is considered for the ‘Third Division’ grade.

Some of the state boards also use A+, A, B, and C as their grading system as well. But, the evaluation criteria remain the same.

D. Challenges Faced by Students During State Board Exams

Some of the challenges that students experience while preparing for the state board exams are:

●  Outdated teaching methods

●  Lack of quality teachers at schools

●  Large enrollments in schools make it difficult for kids to learn and grow

●  State board curriculum is slower in comparison to other boards

●  National recognition is limited

●  Limited choices in curriculum

CTA_State Educational Boards in India

Preparation Strategies for State Board Exams

Here are some of the effective strategies for you to prepare for the state board examinations:

A. Tips For Effective Study Planning

Some of the tips for your effective study planning for the state board examinations are as follows:

●  Prepare a proper schedule

●  Look out for calm environments to study

●  Prioritise the important topics first

●  Join a study group

●  Make use of the online resources

●  Test yourself frequently

●  Revise the subjects regularly

●  Get enough rest

B. Time Management Techniques

You need to attain time management skills in order to give enough time to the complex subjects. The regional language subjects might take up a little more time than other subjects, so try and cope with the lessons beforehand. Give enough time to the subjects such as Mathematics, English, and Science.

C. Recommended Resources and Study Materials

Avail all of the recommended resources and study materials as instructed by the tutors or school teachers. Navigate your preparation strictly through these materials for better preparation.

D. Guidance on Tackling Different Exam Sections

You must be able to tackle various exam sections without much of a hassle. While you prepare, make sure you solve examples of questions with varying intensities. In this way, you will find yourself confident even when the questions you get in the examination are way too complex. You will at least be able to decode the parameters of the question to try and solve it.

Advantages of Studying Via State Boards

The advantages of studying in state boards include:

●  Language flexibility is one of the best things you will learn

●  You will understand the regional relevance

●  You will appear for the examination with an inclusive approach

CTA_State Educational Boards in India

Career Prospects and Higher Education

Here’s a brief insight into the career prospects one can expect by studying in state board and appearing for higher education.

Not all, but most of the states have a recognizable education board, which a lot of high schools and universities accept, in order to admit the students. Therefore, you need to check your state’s recognition proficiency across India to get more details.

Higher Education Opportunities Available for State Board Students

The state board students are nowhere left behind in terms of higher education. They can choose any school or college to get admission. The only condition is to satisfy the specific criteria of different schools or colleges that offer higher education facilities.


So, this was an elaboration of important parameters associated with state board education. If you are a state board student, then you can now be assured that there are equal opportunities for you to thrive in this nation than before. You just need to strengthen your basics, and you will be able to compete with the students from other boards without any special considerations.

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Article Posted in: Exam Preparation Guidance

MyPrivateTutor Team

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